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Does IVF Cause Ovarian Cysts?

In order to have children, many women will stop at nothing. And when attempts at conceiving a child in a traditional way do not bring the long-awaited pregnancy, they start looking for ways to find the solution and use different possibilities of modern medicine. One of the procedures that make it possible for fertility-challenged couples to bear their biological child is in vitro fertilization (IVF).

This assisted reproductive technology has proved to be an effective method of treating infertility with considerably high success rates. There are many myths about the procedure, and some of them make couples refuse from undergoing IVF treatment because of so-called potential risks it can cause. Many women wonder does IVF cause ovarian cysts and what are the consequences of the procedure. Let us get all this straightened out.

IVF Causes Ovarian Cyst – Truth or Lie?

Can IVF cause ovarian cysts? What are the real consequences of the procedure? These are the questions that bother many. Of course, like any other procedure, in vitro fertilization may bring some consequences to the female body apart from pregnancy. However, these have nothing to do with ovarian cyst. The condition is usually caused by other factors.

Real Consequences of IVF

One of the most significant and common consequences of IVF is the hyperstimulation syndrome. In order for the body to produce eggs to be fertilized outside the female body, patients are prescribed hormones in large doses. Their intake can cause an increase in the size of the ovaries, which can be observed based on the following symptoms:

  • abdominal pain, swelling;
  • formation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites);
  • decrease in the amount of urine;
  • nausea;
  • diarrhea;
  • liver dysfunction;
  • mood swings.

In most cases, the hyperstimulation syndrome occurs in mild or moderate forms, which are successfully treated, without a patient experiencing a serious discomfort. In addition to the syndrome of ovarian hyperstimulation, there may be some other complications. The immediate consequences of IVF are the following ones:

  • Allergy to drugs that are used for hyperstimulation or anesthesia;
  • Inflammatory processes, which may be, for example, a consequence of puncture of follicles, or transfer of embryos inaccurately carried out;
  • Bleeding after a puncture caused by the damage of blood vessels;
  • Problems in the digestive system caused by large doses of hormonal drugs;
  • Weakness or dizziness; these are individual reactions to procedures.

The above mentioned problems are usually solved under the supervision of a doctor and do not cause any threat to the health of the patient. In this case, their negative impact on the body is reduced to a minimum.

 

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Ovarian Cysts

The function of ovaries is closely connected with the endocrine profile of the body; therefore, the development of cystic formations can be caused by the following factors:

  • emotional overstrain;
  • violation of the menstrual cycle;
  • hormonal changes;
  • taking a number of medications;
  • obesity;
  • inflammatory diseases;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • irregular sex life;
  • local circulatory disturbance in the ovary.

As you can see, the above reasons causing ovarian cysts have nothing to do with IVF. If you have been diagnosed with ovarian cysts, we strongly advise you consult your gynecologist to find individual treatment for you.


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