NFE/5.0 News of Surrogacy center /newsmap.xml en 2020 Feskov Human Reproduction Grp. Sat, 04 Dec 2021 02:11:00 GMT News of Surrogacy center. The company was founded by Alexander Feskov, M.D., a member of the European Society of Human Reproduction, and the American Society of Reproductive Medicine ASRM. Preparing for Fatherhood: 16 Ways to Get Ready to Become a Dad 8888002313 Wed, 24 Nov 2021 18:29:00 GMT Preparing for Fatherhood: 16 Ways to Get Ready to Become a Dad -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov Quite frankly, it's impossible to feel fully prepared for your new role as a father. Therefore, the specialists of the Feskov Human Reproductive Group offer 16 different ideas for implementation for that exciting, and, at the same time, tiresome waiting time for the birth of a baby. They work not only for ordinary families, but also for those created with the help of surrogate mother.
1. Process research
Of course, a man is not the one who is carrying a baby, but this does not mean that he should not take an active part in pregnancy and childbirth. Even the adoption or involvement of a surrogate mother does not impose restrictions on the state of involvement in the process.
There are many books for future fathers. And on the network, you can always join thematic online communities.
If your partner is experiencing unpleasant pregnancy symptoms (heartburn, morning sickness), it may be helpful to do a little research. Understanding the feelings of the other parent will help provide better support while carrying a baby. The same applies to childbirth, newborn care, breastfeeding.
2. Health is a priority
Waiting for your baby is definitely the best time to focus on your health. For example, try to quit smoking. Since there are studies that smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of congenital heart defects in the fetus.
What about food addictions? After all, it is a healthy diet that will support the body during the long days (and nights!) of acquired fatherhood. A proper diet rich in fiber, vitamins and immune-boosting foods will come in handy.
It will not be superfluous to undergo a medical examination by a family doctor, as well as check the card for all the necessary vaccinations.
3. Discuss parenting issues with other parents
Now is the best time to start discussing what kind of parent you want to be. Here are some burning questions for this:

arguments for or against breastfeeding;
the child's sleep in a separate bed immediately upon returning home;
the work of one or both parents;
child care plans, etc.

These things are just theory. When the baby arrives, everything can change. For example, breastfeeding can be a little more challenging than expected. Or the concept of using diapers or the punishment system will change when the baby grows up.
4. Team play
For a man, being on the same wavelength means thinking of himself, the second parent and the baby, as a team. All three are now connected for life, even if the mother and father are no longer romantically involved. A good advice is to look at what is happening through this prism and stop keeping score: you to me, I to you, as if you were participating in a competition.
Caring for a family of origin includes helping a pregnant woman who is not feeling well. Thus, the father also takes care of the baby in the tummy. Visiting every day, taking care of household chores, preparing suitable meals - these and other ways will contribute to the common goal which consists in the timely birth of a healthy baby.
5.  What kind of father would you like to be?
As practice shows, not all men have a good relationship with their fathers. It's great when your own father was or is a great person. Then he becomes a role model for a man.
If the father left much to be desired, the future dad may worry about such a role. However, the good news is that a person is always free to decide how to approach fatherhood. You can always find someone outside for this role. Building it from scratch gives many perspectives on how it should be.
6.  Finding friends from the circle of fathers
While in the waiting process, it will definitely be helpful to track down other fathers for the support group. Having a trusted friend who knows firsthand about parenting issues is an amazing opportunity to ask the necessary questions. And also to express their fears, joy or disappointment, to receive the necessary support, sympathy, help.
The modern world offers both online interest groups and church and any other offline communities, which you can always learn about online or from your doctor in a hospital.
7. Attending antenatal consultations is desirable
One of the best ways to be involved in pregnancy is to attend scheduled appointments at the clinic. Observing fetal behavior on an ultrasound scan and other routine tests will help more find out what to expect next. They always have the opportunity to ask questions of interest, find out about what the partner is experiencing, and also get information about the development of the baby.
Of course, the future dad will not always have the opportunity to come to meetings. The work schedule and other problems have not been canceled. It is important to talk to your partner and make a schedule to see your doctor as often as possible. The same is true for the period after the birth of a newborn.
8. Sexual changes are normal
The new status will definitely have an impact on the couple's intimate life. Usually a man at this moment experiences a variety of emotions, worries about the baby in the tummy, and most often feels confused. At this stage, open communication is a key action in the family.
A lot of jokes and comments about the end of sex life or changes with the female body during pregnancy are completely useless and do not reflect the emotional complexity of sex and fatherhood.
In fact, postpartum sex takes time. And this is not only and not so much a six-week break for physical recovery. Lack of sleep, breastfeeding, postpartum depression - all this can leave an imprint on intimacy. Sensitive and open communication can help resolve couples' sex issues. Usually, intimacy after the appearance of a baby becomes even better. Because joint cares and the baby bind partners like never before and deepen the intimacy.
9. Collaboration
It is fairly believed that the events of pregnancy are the prerogative of the woman. However, a man can also be a part of them.
Organization of joint holidays, shopping with the partner for things for the baby, keeping a diary describing experiences, photographing a woman's growing belly - many small and large things await the future dad. Documenting all of these milestones is as important for the father as it is for the mother.
10. Preparatory activities
There are many activities other than gestation to prepare for the arrival of a new person. Saving money, arranging a place for a baby, collecting information about caring for a newborn - just a small list of challenges.
A man may like to do everything at once. Or he will tend to favor some kind of selective activity. The main thing is to do something. For example, you can try:

become a specialist in car seat use;
find out everything about insurance or baby care;
re-glue the wallpaper or assemble the crib;
find the best strollers and baby formula;
complete a course in preparation for childbirth or breastfeeding with the partner;
discuss vacation options with your boss;
collect a bag for childbirth.

This will be an invaluable help for a pregnant woman. And she always has something to think about.
11. Protecting the interests of the family
A baby can awaken both the best and the worst qualities in people. And, since the child and both parents are now a team, the man must actively participate in making family decisions.
For example, who will be present during childbirth, when and whom to invite to see the baby, and many other issues need to be resolved together. It doesn't matter if relatives and friends see things differently. Building family boundaries is natural.
You can celebrate the baby's birthday in a noisy company of family and friends. But you can also spend some time alone - with a new family member. And no one has the right to indicate. The interests of the renewed family come first.
12. Second parent support
And not only in family matters. This means being attentive and asking questions of interest during consultations and during childbirth. This means not hindering the mother from going to work or staying at home as long as she needs.
Also, it is important not to overlook the signs of incipient postpartum depression. Provide qualified professional help and personal support in an emotionally difficult time. It is the father who is a powerful force for maintaining the health of the mother and child. Moreover, it is important for a baby to have both healthy parents.
13. Segregation of duties
When a child finally comes into this world, the father's help is as significant as during pregnancy. At first, dads may feel abandoned, especially if the mother is breastfeeding. They may have the impression of their own uselessness. However, this is not true. There are thousands of ways to stay involved in family life:

Change diapers both during the day and at night.
Bath the baby.
Spend skin-to-skin time (when the baby is lying on the father's body).
Reading fairy tales.
Singing lullabies.
Bottle feeding.
Caring before and after breastfeeding.
Providing food and drink for the mother.
Washing dishes.
Washing of children's clothes.

If you want to be useful, you can always find something to do.
14. Sense of humor
Raising children is difficult, exhausting and hard. However, it is also fun, exciting and educational. The main key to experiencing both good and bad moments is laughter. Lack of sleep, a dirty diaper, breast milk in coffee and many other moments should be taken with humor. Thus, difficulties will be more easily tolerated without leaving an imprint on family relationships. Moreover, they are temporary.
15. The importance of sleep
Everyone needs sleep - mom, dad and baby. There are many ways to improve your sleep patterns after a baby is born. The path of trial and error is thorny, however, it is important that everyone sleeps for the prescribed amount of time. Even if dad goes to work tomorrow, mom will also not sit idly by.
You can define a sleep schedule, sleep when possible, share household chores and responsibilities. The main thing is that everyone gets enough sleep.
16. Feeling the importance of dad for the child
There will be many challenges during the development of the baby. Sometimes, the father will feel unnecessary or less important. Sometimes, it is difficult to go to work, but it is necessary. And this does not make a man a bad father - he provides for the family.
Undoubtedly, there will be happy moments in the life of the father. For example, when the baby says “daddy” or smiles. Or when the father is the only one who can put the baby to bed and sing his favorite song.
Fatherhood is a long-term project. The presence of the dad in the baby's life is a present that they give each other every day.
And if a person does not have a partner, this is not a reason to give up the dream of an heir. Feskov Human Reproductive Group implements surrogacy program for singles which will help you get the most important gift in your life! ]]>
/images/24_1.jpg Preparing for Fatherhood: 16 Ways to Get Ready to Become a Dad - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
ICSI, PICSI and IMSI methods, what is the difference and differences? 8888002312 Thu, 11 Nov 2021 18:29:00 GMT ICSI, PICSI and IMSI methods, what is the difference and differences? -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov This requires a lot of energy and strength, so only the best specimens are capable of this feat. Today, problems with sperm, when a small number or no such cells at all, have become almost the norm. About 40% of cases of infertility are associated with the male factor. Feskov Human Reproductive Group uses reproductive services, effectively solving problems of male infertility.
Features of male infertility
Decreased sperm quality is commonly associated with male-type infertility when:

no viable and active cells are observed;
a lot of cells with pathologies;
the presence of chromosomal mutations;
sperm is not active at all.

When a man has at least one such indicator, doctors can diagnose his infertility and recommend that he undergo appropriate therapy.
Sometimes, for everything to work, it is enough for a man to transform his lifestyle, get rid of bad habits, and undergo hormone treatment. And if the sperm still cannot fertilize the egg, doctors offer innovative assisted reproduction techniques.
In this case, IVF (artificial insemination) or conception is always meant in vitro, that is, outside the female body. In this case, the female body is first stimulated by hormones so that the ovaries produce as many good eggs as possible. Doctors remove oocytes from the female body, prepare them. Then they take fresh sperm from a man, which also undergoes processing, and place them in a Petri dish, where conception takes place directly. Then, after 2-5 days, the fertilized female cell forms into a viable, healthy and good embryo that is transferred into the uterine cavity of the expectant mother.
At the dawn of the development of ART it looked like this. However, sometimes, even being in the same vessel, the sperm cannot penetrate the egg. Since it may be weak, with developmental pathology, with reduced activity, or have other qualities that prevent him from fertilizing the female reproductive cell.
Therefore, the specialists were able to expand the capabilities of this technique. New techniques for selecting the best representatives of sperm and manual fertilization of oocytes with them make it possible to forget about male problems.
ICSI technique
ICSI, or sperm injection directly into the oocyte, is a pioneering IVF technique that was invented by scientists reproductive specialists first. Using an electron microscope, which magnifies the picture 400-600 times, the doctor selects the hero-sperm. Thus, the specialist fixes mutations, pathologies, monitors the activity of the cell in order to fix his gaze on the healthiest specimen. Since healthy children are obtained only from a full-fledged sperm.
The selected cell is fixed with a microscopic needle, which perforates the surface of the egg and releases the sperm directly into the cytoplasm. This is how artificial insemination occurs by the hands of a doctor with all the oocytes taken from a woman.
Further, everything goes according to the IVF protocol: the cultivation of the embryo, its transfer into the uterine cavity, diagnosis of pregnancy.
Indications for the procedure:

all causes of male infertility;
female age over 40 years due to the increased thickness of the oocyte wall;
unsuccessful IVF attempts;
problems in immunology, when a woman's body perceives sperm as enemies and destroys them;
unexplained infertility, in which the partners are all right with their health, and conception still does not occur.

The addition of ICSI to in vitro conception significantly increases the likelihood of a miracle of pregnancy and the birth of a normal baby.
Advances in technology, the emergence of even more powerful microscopes, as well as the desire of doctors to improve manipulation, have led to new research in this area. As a result, reproductologists have two more additional techniques - PICSI and IMSI.
PICSI technique
PICSI or physiological sperm injection into the egg is complementary to ICSI. The recognition of its physiological activity is added to the 400-fold magnification and visual quality of the germ cell. This is determined using special media that the doctor places in the vessel to the sperm. Thus, an imitation of conditions occurs when the sperm cell seeps through all the membranes of the oocyte.
The quality of maturation, energy, physiological endurance, the ability to effectively contact the egg - these and similar characteristics monitored by a reproductive specialist. Therefore, when deciding to choose one or another instance, the doctor takes into account not only visual, but chemical and biological indicators.
Further, everything goes on the right track - the usual IVF protocol plus ICSI. Facts show that when using PICSI, the chances of a healthy pregnancy increase by 25-35%.
IMSI technique
IMSI, or morphologically matched sperm injection, is another addition to the ICSI process. What makes this procedure different from previous techniques is the use of an even more powerful microscope of the latest generation, with a magnification of 6,000 times.
This method became possible only after the establishment of modern magnifying technology in the service of medicine, namely mega-powerful microscopes. Now doctors observe with their own eyes not only the activity and vitality of sperm, but can also make their morphological selection.
And what is it? Almost every man has some percentage of spermatozoa with a pathological morphological structure: two heads, a forked tail, no nucleus in the cell and other small mutations. If we consider a variant of the norm, then there should not be many of them. If the number of modified copies grows, then pregnancy does not occur. Or a baby comes into this world with developmental pathologies.
And the IMSI technique makes it possible fertility specialist to select the best sperm for fertilization of the egg. Then, as always - IVF plus ICSI. The practical application of the technology shows that it increases the success rate of IVF up to 70%. That gives hope for the birth of a child even in the most difficult circumstances of infertility in a man.
Indications for action are identical to ICSI. However, doctors strongly recommend it if a man has a family history of congenital genetic abnormalities, mutations, or hereditary ailments. With the use of IMSI, the chance of having a child with a congenital ailment tends to zero. In addition, it is now widely used pre-implantation screening of an embryo before transferring it into the female uterus. That 100% guarantees the transfer of only an absolutely healthy embryo and the birth of a normal child, without pathologies.
Thanks to the development of reproductive technologies, pharmacy and medicine in general, now, even a man with critical reproductive problems can have a child of their own. Therefore, specialists at Feskov Human Reproductive Group recommend not to give up and try all possible ways to make your family happy with a healthy own baby. A variety of programs for the cost without additional payments will help you to choose the most suitable option from Standard to VIP. However, progress cannot stand still, and perhaps even more effective and safe methods will soon appear so that all people can have their own children! ]]>
/images/23_5.jpg ICSI, PICSI and IMSI methods, what is the difference and differences? - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
Everything you need to know about cystic fibrosis 8888002311 Mon, 01 Nov 2021 18:29:00 GMT Everything you need to know about cystic fibrosis -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov However, thanks to advances in medicine and pharmacy, now, they can live relatively normally up to 30-40 years and even more. In the United States, more than 30 thousand people suffer from the disease. And every 12 months, 1 thousand more for registration due to illness. Of these, 75% of cases occur in babies under 2 years old. Cures for cystic fibrosis have not yet been invented.
So that children are guaranteed not to receive such a disease as a hereditary gift, there are reproductive innovations. Such as IVF and genetic screening of the embryo, which are used in programs for a fixed price without any additional payments at Feskov Human Reproductive Group.
Cystic fibrosis - what is this disease?
The disease has a chronic course and a genetic nature. Most often, the lungs and the digestive system are affected. But, with a poor prognosis, the liver and pancreas may be involved, provoking the development of diabetes.
A special defective gene is responsible for cystic fibrosis, which provokes the formation of viscous mucus. It is very difficult to cough up her from the lungs. This negatively affects breathing and leads to severe lung infections.
Mucus contributes to dysfunction of the pancreas, which leads to inadequate production of enzymes that break down food. This causes digestive problems and, as a result, leads to malnutrition.
Male infertility can also be caused by an increased concentration of mucus that blocks the vas deferens, which carry sperm from the testes into the urethra.
Cystic fibrosis is a serious illness with consequences that threaten human life and health. Most often, such patients go to another world due to respiratory failure.
Main symptoms
What are the most common manifestations of cystic fibrosis:

skin with a touch of salt;
chronic cough reflex;
breathing that is constantly interrupted;
low body weight, although the appetite is too high;
strong fatty stools;
polyposis formations in the nose in the form of fleshy folds.

Since the disease is characterized by obstructive moments, the likelihood of lung infections - pneumonia and bronchitis increases. Because with obstruction in the lungs, a favorable environment is created for the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.
An obstructive factor on the pancreas leads to inadequate absorption of nutrients, which contributes to stunted growth, diabetes and osteoporosis.
How is cystic fibrosis treated?
With all the advances in medicine, there is still no cure for cystic fibrosis. However, correct and timely treatment helps to cope with the symptoms of ailments, and provide an opportunity to improve the quality of life. Since the symptoms of the disease are different, treatment plans will also differ from each other.
The most important task in lung damage is to clear the airways of viscous mucus. This not only ensures clean breathing, but also minimizes the risk of lung infections.
Various cleaning methods such as postural drainage and percussion help loosen mucus and expel it from the lungs. In this case, the doctor will tap the patient's back and chest while sitting or lying down.
Inhaled aerosols and inhalers are also effective. They thin phlegm, kill pathogens, and push mucus out of the lungs.
Antibiotic therapy (oral, intravenous, inhaled) is an important part of a regular course of treatment. Recently, the beneficial properties of ibuprofen and azithromycin have been discovered to improve lung function. They have now become part of the routine treatment protocol for people with cystic fibrosis.
To reduce the likelihood of developing a secondary infection in the lungs, you need to:

wash your hands as often as possible;
vaccinate against influenza annually;
do not smoke yourself and do not be a passive smoker;
reduce contact with sick people.

There are other, alternative forms of treatment for cystic fibrosis. For example, special implanted devices that provide constant access to the circulatory system for regular medication intake. Which is very convenient if you need frequent admission.
Innovative drugs targeting 10 mutations of the damaged gene - modulators of transmembrane conductance regulators - harmonize the water-salt balance in the lungs. This helps to thin the mucus accumulated in the lungs. Modulator Kalideco is approved for use in babies from 2 years old, and Orkambi brand is effective for children from 6 years old.
Since the disease affects the digestive function and the absorption of nutrients from food, it is necessary to establish an appropriate diet, which is advised by a nutritionist. Pancreatic enzymes, salt, vitamins, and other supplements will balance the absorption of nutrients from food.
Because cystic fibrosis can cause growth and developmental disorders, sick children need a high-calorie, high-fat diet. It can also help adults maintain normal health. A good, varied, nutritious diet is vital for those suffering from cystic fibrosis. To successfully defend against the high risk of contracting a lung infection.
Causes of the disease
Cystic fibrosis is not a contagious disease. This is a purely hereditary pathology. For a child to be diagnosed with the disease, both parents must be carriers of the defective gene.
The defective gene contains codes for the production of a protein that controls the secretion of salt and water through certain organs, such as the lungs or the pancreas. Thus, salt balance is violated in the body, which entails insufficient volumes of water and salt in the cells. The result is a lot of thick, viscous mucus.
Carriers are individuals who have only one copy of this defective gene. Therefore, they have no manifestations and they do not get sick. For a child to get sick, both carrier parents are needed.
What is the likelihood of a child becoming sick with cystic fibrosis with both parents who are carriers of the gene:

25% or 1 chance in 4 - the probability of being sick;
25% - will not be sick or a carrier;
50% or 1 in 2 chance that the baby will be a carrier, but will not get sick.

Thus, more than 10 million native people in the United States are carriers of the disease, but are not aware of it.
Diagnostic measures
In the United States, all babies are screened for cystic fibrosis at birth. This is done by doing a small tissue test or blood test.
The simplest test for ailment is sweat testing. Doctors simply collect sweat and determine the level of chloride in its composition. If it is tall, it may indicate cystic fibrosis.
Genetic tests are required if a disease is suspected, when the sweat test does not give a clear picture. To do this, a tissue sample is taken from the cheek and blood. Such testing also makes it possible to determine whether the patient is a carrier of the defective gene or not.
Geneticists have identified over 1,700 mutations of a defective gene that causes cystic fibrosis. However, as a result, testing is done to check for the most common mutations.
It is known that 75% of cases of morbidity occur before the age of 2 years.
Hence, a natural question arises - what are the prospects for patients with cystic fibrosis? Now, such patients live on average about 40 years. Their lifespan is determined by the severity of the disease, the age at which the diagnosis was made, and the type of mutation in the damaged gene.
If the patient looks after himself, regularly undergoes treatment courses, leads a healthy and active lifestyle, then you can live a relatively normal, busy life. ]]>
/images/23_4.jpg Everything you need to know about cystic fibrosis - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
What to know about embryo transfers 8888002310 Fri, 22 Oct 2021 18:29:00 GMT What to know about embryo transfers -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov Considering different information, the long-awaited miracle happens in 40-50% of such cases. However, thanks to medical innovations, the number of pregnancies after IVF is steadily increasing. For example, transfer of cryo-frozen embryos increases the frequency of pregnancies up to 50-70%! And Feskov Human Reproductive Group offers a unique service - transportation of cryo-embryos from any country to use them in reproductive programs.
Features of the embryo transfer procedure
The transfer of the ready embryo into the uterine cavity of the fair sex is the final, extremely important part in the process of conception in vitro. The most gentle and accurate transfer to the most suitable place of the uterus allows the embryo to attach to the mucous membrane and begin its development into a baby.
During IVF, the patient takes specially selected hormonal drugs that stimulate the functioning of the ovaries, so that not 1-2, but about 10-15 good eggs mature in them.
Matured oocytes are removed from the ovaries through transvaginal puncture and transferred to the embryological laboratory where the very mystery of the birth of a new life takes place - the eggs are fertilized by sperm by the hands of embryologists.
If conception has occurred, embryos are cultured for 2-5 days, and then transferred to the uterus of the expectant mother. When the embryo is implanted into the wall of the uterus, pregnancy occurs.
A similar method of conception is required in different cases when the natural process is impossible in principle or is very difficult. There are many reasons for IVF, among them the following ones:

ovulation disorder - when it is irregular, fewer eggs are produced that are available for fertilization;
pathology of the fallopian tubes - the passage through which the oocytes reach the uterine cavity. In the event of scarring or other damage, the path of the eggs will be difficult and not always successful;
endometriosis - when the uterine tissue grows excessively, which indicates a malfunction in the reproductive system;
ovarian wasting syndrome - when the ovaries do not work normally, do not produce the right amount of estrogen and do not produce eggs;
fibroids - small benign tumor-like formations on the walls of the uterus that can prevent the oocyte from becoming its inhabitant;
genetic pathologies - some inherited factors may prevent pregnancy from occurring;
male problems - low sperm production, inactive sperm, testicular deformities and other reproductive abnormalities in a partner.

These and other reasons can become an obstacle to natural conception.
Types of manipulation
As soon as the egg is fertilized and becomes an embryo, experts choose one of the best ways to transfer it to a woman:

A procedure with fresh embryos, which, immediately after fertilization and cultivation for 1-2 or 3-5 days, move to the uterine cavity for implantation. For this, only the best and healthiest specimens are selected, tested by the method of pre-implantation genetic screening PGD / NGS. In addition, the study allows you to determine the sex of the child.
Cryopreserved gamete manipulation. All healthy embryos that have remained from previous IVF cycles can be frozen at ultra-low temperatures and stored in liquid nitrogen in Dewars until future use. They are easily defrosted without loss of viability in 99% of cases and are transferred to the uterus. Thus, financial and time resources can be saved by skipping the stage of ovarian stimulation, oocyte extraction, and in vitro fertilization.
Action with an embryo that has developed to a blastocyst. When many embryos are formed as a result of fertilization, they usually wait for their development to the blastocyst stage. And this is 5-6 days of cultivation. According to some studies, the success rate of embryo transfer at this stage is higher than the transfer procedure on day 3. However, other studies argue that this can be risky and not in all cases the method should be applied. It all depends on the medical indication.
Auxiliary hatching. This is a microsurgical manipulation that helps the growing blastocyst to leave its shell - that is, to hatch outward. To do this, by mechanical, chemical means or a laser, specialists thin out the lustrous surface of the embryo so that at the right time it can hatch and implant into the wall of the uterus. Research has shown that the method is not as effective in fresh embryos as in frozen embryos. Successful pregnancies with cryo-embryo hatching are increasing.

But how much is it advisable to transfer embryos? Some doctors believe that one is enough, others that two - as this doubles the chances of successful gestation. In fact, it depends on the age and individual parameters of the woman. A patient under 35 years of age with a high chance of a normal procedure will receive only one embryo.
This is confirmed by the study, which says that in women under 38 years old, replanting one embryo reduces the risk of multiple pregnancies. And there is no need for several embryos, since this does not affect the level of live birth.
If the chances of a successful result are low, doctors may recommend the “increased load” method when 3 or more embryos are transferred. So that at least one of them will take root.
The degree of embryo survival is determined by the cause of infertility, genetic disorders, and the individual characteristics of the female body. However, some data suggest that frozen embryos take root better than fresh ones. In addition, frozen gametes can be used for additional transfers and repeated IVF cycles, which is very convenient for everyone.
What happens before, during, and after embryo transfer?
Two to three days before the transfer procedure, the doctor collects eggs and sperm. Further, the best representatives of the genetic material are selected by special methods. Then the fertilization process takes place in vitro.
Fertilized eggs will be cultured for 3-5 days. With the development of a decent number of good embryos, 1-2 can be selected for transfer, and the rest can be frozen for the next IVF cycles.
The manipulation is monitored by an abdominal ultrasound with a full bladder for better visualization. The embryos are placed in a catheter that passes through the cervical canal into the uterus. At the most suitable place - in the middle of the cavity, the embryos are released outside.
However, pain relief is usually not required. However, there may be slight discomfort, cramping, flatulence, or vaginal discharge.
After manipulation, you can lie on your back for 1-2 hours. Before the next visit after 2 weeks, when pregnancy can be diagnosed, it is better to refrain from physical activity, sexual activity.
Possible risks of action
The gamete transfer procedure does not carry any special risks. Unpleasant consequences, most likely, can be associated with the previous procedure of hormone therapy.
The most serious risk of transfer is the likelihood of several fetuses or multiple pregnancies at once. This happens when several separate gametes are attached to the walls of the uterus at the same time. This can lead to the birth of dead babies or children with insufficient body weight, other developmental pathologies. Since, usually, multiple pregnancy leads to premature birth and health complications in a pregnant woman. This happens often with IVF, and, very rarely, with the natural process of conception.
What complications sometimes occur:

slight bleeding;
transformation of vaginal discharge;
the consequences of anesthesia, if used.

The likelihood of spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) is about the same as that of a naturally occurring process.
Feskov Human Reproductive Group offers patients from all over the world the most modern reproductive technologies, including IVF, genetic screening of embryos, surrogacy, and donation services. Various programs for a fixed price without additional payments allow even in the most hopeless cases to become happy parents. We use even the slightest chance of success and guarantee the birth of a healthy baby! ]]>
/images/23_3.jpg What to know about embryo transfers - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
Lupus: Causes, symptoms, and research 8888002309 Fri, 15 Oct 2021 18:29:00 GMT Lupus: Causes, symptoms, and research -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov Public interest in the disease was caused by the announcement of the singer Selena Gomez that she, as a teenager, suffered from this ailment and was being treated for it. According to the employees of the Foundation, such a diagnosis is most often made for the fairer sex of 15-44 years old.     
However, the disease is not contagious, it is not transmitted either sexually or in any other way to strangers. But there are cases when a woman with a diagnosis gives birth to a child who becomes ill with the so-called neonatal lupus. In the framework of reproductive programs for a fixed cost  at Feskov Human Reproductive Group, this is out of the question. Since the embryo undergoes mandatory screening for genetic pathologies. Therefore, parents can be confident in the absolute health of the future baby.
Varieties of ailment
Lupus is always a chronic ailment in which the body's immune system, for unclear reasons, begins to fight with healthy cells. Therefore, all systems and organs are under attack: skin, joints, heart, kidneys, lungs, blood, etc.
There are the following types of lupus:
1. Systemic red, the most common type. The term “systemic” indicates that the disease affects the entire body with symptoms of varying severity. This is the most difficult and severe form of lupus, as it can affect any structure in the body. It can lead to inflammation of the epidermis, kidneys, heart, lungs, joints, etc. individually or in different combinations. It has a cyclical nature with periods of remission, when there are no manifestations, and activation of the disease, when symptoms appear.
2. Discoid or cutaneous lupus. Its peculiarity is that it affects only the epidermis. At the same time, a rash is found on the neck, face and under the hair. The skin becomes thick and scaly. Subsequently, tissue scarring is possible on it. The presence of a rash can be from several days to several years intermittently. According to the Foundation, this form does not affect internal organs. However, in 10% of people, it develops into a systemic type of disease. The etiology of progression is unclear to physicians. Perhaps the person already had a systemic form, which was expressed only by skin symptoms. This type has a subacute subspecies that occurs on skin that has been overexposed to sunlight. After it, scars are not formed.
3. Medication, arising from the oral administration of any drugs, as a reaction to them. These can be anticonvulsants or drugs for high blood pressure, as well as thyroid potions, antimicrobials, antifungals, and oral contraceptives. For example, hydralazine, prescribed for hypertension, procainamide - for arrhythmias, the antibiotic isoniazid – are effective in treating tuberculosis. According to some reports, about 80 different medications can trigger lupus. As a rule, the illness recedes when the patient stops taking the pills that provoked it.
4. Neonatal, which occurs in babies who were born from mothers with lupus. There are about 1% of them, most of the babies are in full health. At the same time, the mother may have not only lupus, but also Sjogren's syndrome - a parallel autoimmune condition, with or without manifestations. Sjogren's syndrome causes dryness of the mucous membranes in the eyes and mouth. In children, lupus manifests itself as rashes, liver abnormalities and poor blood tests. 10% will have an anemic condition. For the most part, everything fades away after 10-14 days. However, a small fraction of the crumbs experience severe heart damage that requires a pacemaker. This can be hazardous to health.
Despite the presence of different types of the disease, systemic lupus erythematosus is in the first place in terms of prevalence in the world. And women with such and similar hereditary pathologies need to be under the supervision of a geneticist for the entire pregnancy.
What causes lupus to progress?
Doctors do not know the reliable cause of the onset of the ailment, except that the problem is hidden in the immune system. The task of which is to provide protection to the body in the fight against viruses, bacteria and other pathogenic microorganisms. This becomes possible with the help of special proteins - antibodies. They are the ones that produce leukocytes and B-lymphocytes. In autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, the immune system does not distinguish antigens - harmful substances - from normal cells and tissues and sends its defenders not only to them, but also to ordinary cells. As a result, the tissue is damaged, there is swelling, pain, inflammation.
In patients with lupus, antinuclear antibodies appear in the blood, which react with the cell nucleus. Circulating in the bloodstream, they enter some cells that are more permeable to them than others, and attack the DNA in the nucleus. This is why defeat is selective.
But why does the defense system fail? According to experts, some genetic factors contribute to the development of ailments. Since there are genes that are responsible for the well-coordinated functioning of the immune system. Individuals with mutations in these genes develop the disease.
Also, there is a theory according to which the body does not utilize dead cells, which are regularly replaced during its existence, due to the existing genetic factors. Researchers claim that these unnecessary cells, which are a burden in the body, can generate substances that create chaos in the work of immunity.
Risk factors
Scientists highlight a number of points that can cause the disease:

Hormones. These are chemicals that control and regulate the functioning of various organs produced by the human body. Sex factors can be associated with hormonal activity - women have a 9 times more risk of developing lupus than men. And also, age factors - symptoms most often occur at the age of 15-45 in persons of childbearing age (in 20% - over 50 years). Due to the fact that 9 out of 10 cases are women, estrogen and lupus can be linked. Because there is more of it in the female body than in the male, a 2006 rodent study showed that estrogen can influence the immune response and produce antibodies to lupus. Now it becomes clear why women are more likely to suffer from autoimmune diseases than men. A characteristic is the fact that menstruation in sick women is more difficult, pain and fatigue are felt many times stronger. At the same time, just at this period there is another exacerbation. However, there is no conclusive evidence of the effect of estrogen on morbidity. More research is needed in this area.
Genetics. There is no evidence that any particular chromosomal factor provokes lupus, however, it is mainly observed in families with a hereditary history. Although lupus can develop in individuals of any origin, it is an interesting fact that people with colored skin get sick 2-3 times more often than those with white skin. They are Spaniards, Asians, and Aboriginal Americans. Scientists have conducted research identifying specific genes that may trigger the development of lupus, but the evidence base is lame. For heredity, it says that if an individual has a close relative with lupus, then he will be more at risk of getting sick. For example, one of the twins may develop lupus, while the other may not. Although he has a 25% chance of getting it, growing up in the same environment, with his parents alone. Also, a person can get lupus even if he does not have this in his family, but there is another autoimmune disease (thyroiditis, hemolytic anemia, etc.). Also, there is a theory that changes in the X chromosomes increase the possibility of awakening the disease.
Habitat. In individuals with a hereditary predisposition to lupus, certain triggers, such as viruses or chemicals, can trigger the disease:

smoking, the prevalence of which in modern society can be associated with an increase in cases of the disease;
ultraviolet rays from the sun;
medicines and drugs, which account for 10% of cases;
viral infections that provoke symptoms in people prone to illness.

Recently, researchers have become interested in the microflora in the gut, the specific composition of which may be a possible factor in triggering the disease. A microbiological study, published in the scientific world in 2018, shows that special transformations of the intestinal microflora are characteristic of both sick homo sapiens and sick rodents. Experts advise to continue scientific research in this direction.
Lupus cannot be contracted in any way. Neither blood nor sexual contact. Children under 15 years of age do not get sick if the mother does not have an appropriate diagnosis. If it is present, then the baby may have problems with the heart, skin and liver, inherent in lupus. Babies with a neonatal disorder are at an abnormally high risk of contracting another autoimmune disease as a teenager or adult.
Lupus symptoms
Patients suffer from manifestations of lupus during the escalation of the disease. Acute intervals are replaced by remission, when there are no symptoms at all or they are not expressed.
The disease has a wide range of manifestations:

chronic fatigue;
weight loss;
lack of appetite;
muscle and joint pain, swelling;
swelling of the lower extremities, the area around the eyes;
swollen lymph nodes;
dermatitis or rashes;
subcutaneous bleeding;
stomatitis - ulcers in the mouth;
sun intolerance;
subfebrile body temperature;
discomfort in the chest with a deep breath;
strange hair loss;
cooling and bluish fingers of the upper and lower extremities (Raynaud's phenomenon).

Since lupus is a systemic disease, it affects many organs and systems in a negative way:

Kidneys. Nephritis or inflammation of the kidneys makes it difficult to remove waste products and toxins. 1 in 3 patients will have kidney problems.
Lungs. Pneumonia or pleurisy is an inflammatory condition of the mucous membrane of the sternum, which is characterized by pain when breathing.
Brains and central nervous system. Headaches and dizziness, depression, memory and vision problems, seizures, behavioral disorders, strokes.
Vessels. Vasculitis or inflammation of the blood vessels that negatively affects blood circulation.
Blood. These are anemia, leukopenia (decrease in the volume of leukocytes), thrombocytopenia (decrease in the number of platelets involved in blood clotting processes).
Heart. Myocarditis, endocarditis, pericarditis. Chest pain. Damage to the heart valves, which leads to the appearance of growths on them, provoking a heart murmur.

Also, lupus and medical treatments deplete the immune system, which contributes to an increased risk of developing urinary tract infections, viruses, and influenza. Herpes and shingles are provoked, yeast and salmonella grow.
With lupus, bone death can occur when the blood supply is disrupted and microfractures. The hip joint is at risk.
Pregnancy complications are common for women with lupus. This is the risk of miscarriage, premature birth and preeclampsia (high blood pressure). Therefore, doctors advise to get pregnant in remission at least 6 months.
How lupus is defined: classification
Experts suggest using the usual 11-point classification protocol when making a diagnosis. If at least 4 indicators match, the doctor will decide that the patient may have lupus.
Here are 11 signs of lupus:

Zygomatic rash that looks like butterfly wings on the cheeks and nose.
Discoid eruptions are red spots on the epidermis.
Hyper photosensitivity. Rashes occur after exposure to the sun.
Painless (most often) ulcers on the nasal and oral mucosa.
Non-erosive arthritis. There is no destruction of bone tissue around the joint. However, pain is felt, edema is palpable and effusion occurs in the small joints.
Pleurisy and pericarditis. When the lesion occurs on the mucous membrane of the heart and lungs.
Renal pathology. Tests indicate an increased volume of protein in the urine, as well as an excess of the volume of cell cylinders.
Neurological disorders. It is characterized by seizures, psychosis, altered states of consciousness, inability to reason, and thought disorder.
Hematological problems (blood). Hemolytic anemia with a lack of leukocytes and platelets.
Immunological biomarkers - tests indicate the presence of antibodies to double-stranded DNA, Sm, as well as to cardiolipin.
A positive test for antinuclear antibodies. When a person did not take any drugs that could produce them.

But even such a detailed system sometimes skips atypical, mild, early cases of the disease. Diagnosis can be difficult because lupus can occur with the nonspecific signs and symptoms that are common to many other conditions. Because it affects people in different ways.
On the other hand, some biomarkers can cause overdiagnosis, as healthy people sometimes have the same antibodies as diseased people. A combination of various diagnostic methods, including blood tests, laboratory and chemical tests, and comprehensive examinations, helps to make the correct diagnosis. A personal and family history collected by a physician allows for a more complete overall picture of the disease, taking into account heredity and other adverse factors.
Medical and home treatment
Currently, unfortunately, no miracle pills for lupus have yet been invented. However, the pharmaceutical industry and medical technology are not standing still. Therefore, these patients, with the help of doctors, drugs and lifestyle transformations, can manage their exacerbations and remissions, reducing symptoms.
The main treatment aims to:

prolong remission as long as possible;
prevent or manage escalations;
reduce the likelihood of damage to organs and systems.

What medications do:

reduce pain;
relieve puffiness;
regulate the work of immunity, strengthening it;
balance hormones;
do not allow the development of pathologies of joints and organs;
reduce inflammation;
normalize blood pressure;
reduce the risk of infection with other pathogenic agents
control cholesterol levels.

More accurate treatment is due to how lupus affects a person. Everyone can experience it in different ways, on their own individual level. If left untreated, periods of escalation will become longer and remissions will be shorter. And the conditions that arise during an exacerbation can cause consequences that are dangerous to human life.
In addition to medications, home and alternative methods of dealing with this severe and debilitating ailment can also be used effectively.
The following methods can help reduce pain and reduce the risk of flare-ups:

apply warm or cold compresses, depending on the situation;
practice relaxation and meditation techniques;
do yoga, qigong or tai chi;
regular sports or physical activity;
be in the sun as little as possible;
avoid stressful situations.

The last point is actually the key to the list of alternative methods for dealing with lupus. Stress, anxiety, fear and other negative emotional states have a detrimental effect on the entire body, reduce its resistance to bacteria, viruses and other infections. Thus, there is a failure not only of the immune system, but also of other systems in the human body. And meditation, yoga, Qigong and other similar health systems help to physically support not only the body, but also balance the emotions which will have a positive effect on health and increase the periods of remission.
What about the prospects for sufferers of lupus? Previously, such patients did not live longer than 5 years. However, modern medicines, medical technologies and new approaches to treatment enable a sick person to live longer and better.
Effective therapy can help manage lupus. So that the patient can lead a habitual, active and healthy lifestyle.
As genetics gradually reveals its secrets to scientists, doctors cherish the hope that someday, they will be able to diagnose the disease at the very beginning of its inception. This will prevent complications from developing.
Some companies are allowing people who are sick to join free clinical trials of fresh medicines to relieve their condition. And this also has a right to exist as an affordable remedy for people suffering from the disease.
Every parent strives to ensure that his child is healthy. And a genetic disease like lupus is not a death sentence now. For people with hereditary pathologies who are planning the birth of a baby, there is an ideal solution. To ensure that the chromosomal abnormality is not guaranteed to be passed on to the baby, you can use reproductive technologies such as IVF, donation and others that are offered by the team of Feskov Human Reproductive Group. Genetic screening of the embryo allows you to detect any chromosomal abnormality before implantation into the uterus of the expectant mother. Thus, only healthy embryos can be transferred. That guarantees the birth of an absolutely normal baby. Despite the hereditary ailments of his parents. ]]>
/images/23_2.jpg Lupus: Causes, symptoms, and research - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
Surrogacy in Canada: A Guide for Parents-to-be 8888002308 Wed, 06 Oct 2021 18:29:00 GMT Surrogacy in Canada: A Guide for Parents-to-be -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov Legislative aspects of surrogacy in Canada
The cost of a reproductive program involving a surrogate mother
How to be guaranteed to become parents in Canada and not go broke
However, this often turns out to be much more expensive than in countries where commercial surrogate motherhood is legal. In addition, there are several other legislative features that can greatly complicate the life of happy parents. We will tell you about all the features of surrogacy in Canada in this article.
Legislative aspects of surrogacy in Canada
Citizens of the country and foreigners in an official marriage and partnership, including same-sex couples, can become parents in Canada with the help of a surrogate mother. Non-commercial surrogacy is legally allowed in the country. The surrogate mother is only compensated for reasonable expenses related to pregnancy (transportation costs, medical services, food, clothes for pregnant women). All expenses are reimbursed in strict accordance with the cheques. If the surrogate mother is forced to leave work for medical reasons, the future parents will compensate her for the loss of wages, as well as the costs of medical services and medications.
If expectant parents need donor eggs, it will cost about 75 thousand Canadian dollars.
It is strongly discouraged to show sweeping gestures of gratitude to the surrogate mother in the form of gifts of any value. From a legal point of view, this is a violation of the altruistic principle of the service, which is punishable by a fine of 500 thousand Canadian dollars and / or 10 years in prison.
A child born in Canada receives a citizen's passport, which allows him to freely visit most of the countries of the world, insurance, and subsequently - a state educational loan for admission to a university. Certainly, these are significant bonuses.
But there is also an important feature: according to the laws of Canada, upon reaching the age of 18 years by the child, parents are required to inform him about the surrogate mother’s and / or oocyte donor’s participation in his birth.
The cost of a reproductive program involving a surrogate mother
Assisted reproductive services in Canada, which include examinations of prospective parents and surrogate mother, embryo transfer (IVF), pregnancy monitoring, delivery and postpartum care, will cost an average of 57,000 Canadian dollars. IVF cost - C$ 10,000-15,000, if additional treatment is needed, the price increases to C$ 20,000 per cycle. If pregnancy does not occur after the first embryo transfer, you will have to pay for each cycle again. After what transfer it will be possible to achieve pregnancy, it is impossible to predict, therefore, the total cost of the reproductive program may exceed C$ 100,000. At the same time, it is not allowed to choose the gender of your child, genetic testing of the embryo cannot be carried out to exclude hereditary diseases. A separate large expense item is childbirth in Canada. An already expensive service can become several thousand more expensive in case of a complicated course and the need for a cesarean section.
The services of lawyers in the process of registration of parental rights by biological parents will cost tens of thousands of Canadian dollars.
Thus, the benefits of non-commercial surrogacy in Canada are offset by the lack of guarantees of the result after one cycle, the high cost of each procedure and service, the need to disclose to the child the circumstances of his birth.
How to be guaranteed to become parents in Canada not overpaying
There is a way to become parents in Canada with a 100% probability at a fixed price, while the child will be absolutely healthy, receive a passport of this country and all the bonuses due to him, and after 18 years you will not need to talk about the participation of a surrogate mother in Canada in his birth. All these conditions are included in the package of services guaranteed by the Feskov Human Reproduction Group "Childbirth in Canada".
In a simplified form, the implementation of the program looks like this: you pay fixed amounts of the cost of each stage of the program and expect the result in the form of the birth of a healthy child, whom you can choose the gender. The health of the newborn is guaranteed through the use of the PGD method when creating embryos, which is not available if you use surrogacy services in clinics in Canada.
No additional payments or repeated payments in case of unsuccessful IVF, abortion or death of the child in childbirth - in all these cases, Feskov Human Reproduction Group will repeat the entire cycle at its own expense as many times as needed to give you a healthy baby of the selected gender.
We have a huge database of surrogate mothers and egg donors (any phenotype, including exotic ones) with extensive experience and strong motivation to help people feel the happiness of parenthood. You can get to know them by video or in person. Our surrogate mothers have Ukrainian citizenship, which means that their activities are regulated not only by the terms of the contract, but also by the legislation of Ukraine, where surrogate mothers will return after delivery. This is an additional guarantee of the protection of the parental rights of our clients.
You do not need to worry about the costs of accommodation and food during the medical stage in Ukraine and while waiting for the delivery of a surrogate mother in Canada. Comfortable apartments or hotel with three meals a day, transport services and the help of a personal coordinator are included in the price of the program.
After the birth of your child, Feskov HRG lawyers will help you obtain a birth certificate (where you will be listed as biological parents) and Canadian citizenship. Legal services are also included in the cost of the program.
The result of the guaranteed "Childbirth in Canada" program is your healthy baby with a Canadian passport.
The terms of the program may be discussed, if you have special wishes - we will try to implement them, if you did not find the service you need in the program description - it can be added especially for you. Ask our managers questions, discuss each stage of the program - we want you to know that it is more than real to become parents in Canada and not go broke. ]]>
/images/22_2.jpg Surrogacy in Canada: A Guide for Parents-to-be - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
Facts and Myths About Predicting the Sex of Your Baby 8888002307 Tue, 28 Sep 2021 18:29:00 GMT Facts and Myths About Predicting the Sex of Your Baby -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov Sometimes, this information is important for medical purposes when a genetic disorder in a family is sex-linked. However, curious parents have always tried, try and will try to find out the gender, using not only scientific, but home and other methods gleaned from various sources. Let's consider the most common ones. And in the meantime Feskov Human Reproductive Group offers a sex determination service within the framework of IVF programs, surrogacy, donation.  
Know or wait
The very first decision that parents make even before the birth of a child is to find out or not the gender of the baby. According to a 2017 study in Sweden, 57% of couples would like to know the gender of their baby before birth. Being aware of the gender of a child is a personal choice of a man and a woman in the family. There is no right or wrong solution, however, each solution has its own disadvantages and advantages.
What are the most common reasons to know gender:

Early connection with the baby. Many young parents believe that this knowledge will help them develop a closer bond with the baby. To feel closer to the baby in the first hours and days of his birth.
Simple curiosity. And not only of parents, but of family members, relatives, friends and just acquaintances who will endlessly ask questions like: “Do you already know who it will be?”, “Are you going to find out?”. And some people just don't like surprises and don't want to wait 9 months of pregnancy.
Choosing a name. This is important if there are certain rules in the family when names are passed from generation to generation. Or when people plan to name the baby by some special name related to gender. Although nowadays most names are flexible and not as strongly gender-specific as they used to be.
Children's room decoration and toys that will respond to gender differences. Pink tones for a girl, blue for a boy.
Party. Which is arranged by many to share the news of who will soon appear with friends and family. For this, knowledge of gender is an obligatory element of the program.
Medical indications. Gender determination can be an element of prenatal observation of genetic diseases that are characteristic of one or the other sex. It also implies more extensive genetic testing.

However, not every parent wants to know gender. Sometimes it happens that in a couple, one person wants to know this, and the other prefers not to know. Therefore, there are also reasons to keep the gender of the baby a secret until his birth:

Surprise. Some parents want gender to be an unexpected surprise during childbirth. And this desire is stronger than curiosity during pregnancy.
In order not to be disappointed ahead of time. Gender disappointment is a serious test for parents. Someone wants a boy, and someone dreams of a girl. Many, knowing this, prefer not to know, since there will be so much joy and excitement on the baby's day of birth that there will be no time for disappointment.
Features of culture and religion. In some cultural traditions, it is considered a bad sign to know the sex of a baby before birth. And various religious dogmas claim that gender prediction can be contrary to God's plan.
Calm attitude towards traditional gender stereotypes. People don't care who is born. And gender differences in clothes, room decoration or toys are not important. They are for neutrality, not for separation.

In any case, not only each separately taken married couple decides to determine the sex of the future baby, but every person in the family has the right to do so.
Potential risks
Objectively, there is no deliberately correct or incorrect answer to the question - is it worth or not worth knowing the sex of a baby before his birth. Although, of course, there are pros and cons.              
One of the downsides is gender frustration. If a parent desperately wants a boy, and a girl is born, then he may experience disappointment, sadness and even grief, to some extent.           
Similar feelings, in fact, are experienced by many people who are upset by the gender of their baby. However, they are silent about their “grief”. A parent with gender frustration may feel ashamed. Since it seems that a parent should be happy with a child of any gender, if the latter is healthy and everything is in order with him.
Every parent wants to have a healthy child. But also, many people want a kid who will bring certain ideas to life to achieve success. In some cases, such hopes coincide with the preferences of one sex for the other.
Dreams about a child's future are normal, even if they are not voiced out loud. Of course, one must always hope that the baby will be an intelligent, beautiful, sociable and decent person.
Sometimes, parents who overly prefer one gender to another decide to wait and find out the gender on the baby's day of birth. Part of the logic behind this decision is that the excitement of the long-awaited day will overwhelm any sense of frustration that may arise.
However, it should always be borne in mind that it can overtake a person later or even at this very moment. And it can be difficult to hide. This will affect future family relationships.
Therefore, one of the benefits of knowing gender sooner rather than later is that the person will have enough time to get used to the thought or maybe even work with a psychologist on this issue.
The wrong gender prediction is also a risk. Errors are rare here, however, they also happen. One study on this issue has shown that in 1 in 100 ultrasound cases at a period of 14 weeks, the sex of the fetus is incorrectly identified. Another study claims that forecast errors occur in less than 1% of the time. The likelihood of this is increased if the fetus's genitals are deformed and not properly developed.
Ultrasound in the first trimester of pregnancy leads to more errors than in the second or third trimester. During the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, the ultrasound specialist accurately identifies the sex of the fetus 3 times out of 4.
Medical sex determination techniques
There are more or less reliable ways to find out the sex of a child. The most widely used ones in the medical environment are:

Chorionic villi sampling.
Non-invasive prenatal testing.
Conventional ultrasound.
Ramzi ultrasound technique.

Let's consider each of them in more detail. Amniocentesis or amniotic fluid sampling accurately indicates the sex of the child with 100% accuracy. However, this procedure is not easy and involves a number of risks. During it, the needle penetrates through the abdominal cavity into the uterus to the amniotic sac and sucks in the amniotic fluid. Amniotic fluid contains fetal genetic material. And her chromosome analysis will show the presence or absence of genetic pathologies and the gender of the baby (XX - female, XY - male).
Amniocentesis is usually done because of the risk of developing genetic abnormalities. If the family has a hereditary disease, the expectant mother is over 35 years old, or during previous tests, an increased risk of any ailment, such as Down's syndrome, was noticed. At the same time, you can ask along the way to determine the gender of the future baby.
However, it should be borne in mind that manipulation is associated with the risk of infection of the fetus and miscarriage. According to a 2018 study, the risk of miscarriage after amniocentesis is 0.35%. It depends on the experience of the specialist and the technique of execution. The shorter the pregnancy, the higher the risk.
Very rarely, there are cases when, with certain genetic pathologies, the sex chromosomes of the fetus are not typical as with the syndrome Klinefelter XXY, and in Turner syndrome, XO.
The next method is sampling the chorionic villi, which also gives a 100% reliable result. However, like the previous method, it is invasive, carries medical risks, and is never used solely for sex determination. The procedure involves taking a tissue sample from the placenta (hairy placental protuberances - villi) and examining it for chromosomal abnormalities.
The method can also provoke fetal infection and miscarriage. Research claims the risk is 1.9%. If there are medical indications for manipulation, you can ask to find out the gender of the future baby.
Non-invasive prenatal testing, which is also aimed at detecting chromosomal abnormalities, is an innovative and low-risk method. The analysis identifies strands of DNA that are freely present in the circulatory system - extracellular DNA. And a pregnant woman has threads of extracellular DNA of the future child in her blood, which originate from the placenta.
The test is used for preliminary detection of genetic problems. If confirmed, invasive research methods (amniocentesis or chorionic villi sampling) will be recommended.
To find out the sex, fragments of the Y chromosome are looked for in the blood, which indicate a boy. Since this is a relatively new analysis, the level of accuracy is difficult to determine.                     
What affects the result:

blood quality;
test time - the shorter the gestation period, the lower the accuracy;
instead of a child, it is possible to identify the presence of genetic pathologies in the mother.

Research from 2014 says that in 10-20% of cases the results are not accurate. This means that out of 10 pregnant women, 1 or 2 will not get an accurate result. With multiple pregnancies, in this way it is possible to determine not the number of boys, but whether there is at least one boy in the stomach at all.
Conventional ultrasound is the simplest, safest and most effective method to find out who it will be: a boy or a girl. Although it should not be abused either. Ultrasound is done strictly according to indications at certain gestational ages, and not when the future parents want it. Screening at 18-22 weeks of gestation shows the doctor that the baby is developing correctly and is healthy. Along the way, the doctor offers to voice the gender of the baby, if the parents want it. Since ultrasound clearly shows the presence of a boy's penis, which is usually very clearly visible.
Parents should always tell the professional whether or not they need to know the gender. Also, you can ask to write down the sex on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope in order to open it later in the presence of the other parent or if one of them does not want to know the truth.
When ultrasound errors are possible:

screening up to 12-14 weeks of gestation;
pathology of the reproductive organs in the fetus;
hidden genitals (more common before 18 weeks);
experience and skills of an ultrasound specialist.

For a period of up to 12 weeks - the accuracy of sex determination is 54%, from 11 to 14 weeks - 75%, after 14 weeks - 100%.
Ultrasonic method Ramzi determines the sex by the side of the uterus where the placenta is attached. On the left it is female, on the right it is male. Although the method is positioned as scientific, there is no reliable research on it. At the same time, many companies are ready to consider intrauterine ultrasound images for a certain fee for an accurate result. However, it is easier and safer to wait for the usual ultrasound in the second trimester.
Home ways to find out the gender
Some argue that it is possible to find out the gender of the baby at home using, for example, urine tests or non-invasive prenatal tests for self-use.
While a large number of urine-based tests are sold in pharmacies, none of them are scientifically accurate. Some indicate that they can be used for entertainment purposes, while others have a disclaimer inside. Even if the buyer is guaranteed a 100% result or money back, such products are based on the fact that many do not ask for a refund. And also on the fact that in 50% of cases the test is correct, solely on the basis of the theory of probability.
Unlike home urine tests, genetic tests are scientifically based and may be helpful for parents-to-be. This requires the mother's blood, taken according to all the rules. Gender is determined by fragments of extracellular DNA floating in the fetal blood. Y indicates a boy, if it is absent, then there will be a girl. The accuracy of the analysis is quite high - 95%. It is advisable to do the test no earlier than 9 weeks of gestation, and also wash your hands thoroughly when collecting blood, so as not to reduce accuracy.
Unscientific methods for finding out a boy or girl
Errors are most common when using unscientific methods of identifying gender characteristics in the fetus. Therefore, it is better for parents not to make plans and not emotionally become attached to a deliberately inaccurate forecast.
The truth about some of the basic theories that inevitably arise once everyone knows about a woman's pregnancy:

morning sickness (hyperemesis of pregnant women) is the most famous example of folk signs. Which says that the worse a pregnant woman feels, the more likely a girl is to be born. And surprisingly, there is some truth in this. Research suggests that severe morning sickness is associated in most cases with a female fetus. However, this is not 100% a sign of having a female child, it is just that it is more likely to be female rather than male. But how high is this probability? Data from 2004 showed that in 50% of hospitalizations for hyperemesis of pregnant women, girls were carried. And if a woman was forced to spend more than 3 days in the hospital, then this probability increased to 80%;
intuitive feeling. Some people claim that they feel who they will have: a boy or a girl. This method is based on parental intuition rather than signs and symptoms. A small study showed that educated people with a college background in 71% of cases correctly determined the gender of their baby. On the contrary, ordinary people with secondary education could do it only in 43% of cases. It is not yet clear how educational level affects intuitive abilities. However, there is no reliable evidence that intuition can serve as a reliable measure of sex determination;
fetal heart rate. Some pseudo-scientific experts claim that a girl's heart beats faster in the womb than a boy's heart. However, real scientific research has not confirmed this. There is no statistically significant difference between male and female fetal heart rates;
shape and size of the abdomen. Another common folk myth that states that if the belly is high and round, like a ball, then there will certainly be a boy. This may sound scientific, however, no one can tell the sex of a baby from its mother's belly. Shape and size are more related to genetic predisposition, number of pregnancies and pre-conception weight;
baking soda test. It allegedly tests the acidity of the urine, which, according to supporters, is related to the sex of the fetus. To do this, you need to mix the mother's urine with baking soda. If the mixture starts to sizzle and bubble, then the baby will be male. If there is no reaction, then it is female. It might sound like a valid claim as well. However, it doesn't work. The acidity of urine has nothing to do with the sex of the future child. The level of urine acidity is influenced by the degree of hydration of the body, a constant diet, sports and physical activity. And not the sex of the baby in the belly;
time of conception. According to ancient Chinese information, the age of the mother and the month of conception affects the sex of the child. Some myths say that conception in odd months will give a woman, and in even months, a man. The season also matters. One 2003 study involving 14,000 babies found that boys were more likely to be successful in the fall and girls more often in the spring;
ring test. You need to take the ring and hang it on a string over the belly. According to legend, if the ring rotates in a circle, then there will be a boy, if from side to side, then a girl;
male partner weight. Another myth is about a parent who is not pregnant. If he significantly gains weight during the pregnancy of his partner, then a boy will be born. And if not, then a girl will be born. There is no medical or scientific evidence linking a partner's weight gain to the sex of a child. However, it happens that the husband gets fat or feels nauseous, just like the wife. This condition is known as Couvade syndrome;
food preferences. The desire to eat a lot is a well-known sign of all pregnant women. According to the method, certain taste preferences may indicate the presence of a boy or girl in the stomach. Sweet and dairy - girl. Salty and spicy - boy. However, research does not support such points;
emotional swing. A well-known statement says that strong mood swings in a woman are associated with a female fetus, and a calm emotional state shows that there is a boy inside. It can be assumed that the level of estrogen will be higher when the fetus is a girl, and testosterone - when a boy. But this is not true. Although hormones affect the mood of all people, their levels do not depend on the sex of the fetus. The hormones in the amniotic fluid are by no means the same hormones found in the mother's blood. Mood swings during pregnancy are common;
features of appearance. Folk omens say that if a woman has dull hair and oily skin, then she will have a girl. Acne on the face is the same evidence of the presence of a female fetus. And some argue that the girl's parents have a kind of "special glow" on their faces. These theories are in no way supported by science, but they continue to exist.

All programs IVF at Feskov Human Reproductive Group necessarily imply a procedure for genetic screening of the embryo, during which future parents can also find out the gender of the baby. However, this is a private matter for each of the partners in the couple. ]]>
/images/23_1.jpg Facts and Myths About Predicting the Sex of Your Baby - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
Surrogacy: criteria for finding a surrogate mother, legislation, compensation payments 8888002306 Fri, 17 Sep 2021 18:29:00 GMT Surrogacy: criteria for finding a surrogate mother, legislation, compensation payments -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov To make future parents as clear as possible how to choose a surrogate mother, we have listed all the necessary points in this article.
Portrait of a candidate: basic requirements for a surrogate mother
Surrogacy readiness criteria
Surrogacy legislation in different countries
Surrogate mother compensation payments
Portrait of a candidate: basic requirements for a surrogate mother
To become a surrogate mother, you must meet at least the following criteria:

Age from 21 to 40 years old.
Normal body mass index (BMI). The indicator is determined by the doctor, the frame of the norm is from 19 to 30.
Pregnancy without complications and history of natural delivery.
6 months have passed since the date of the last delivery.
Having at least one healthy child.
No antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications have been taken in the past 12 months.
Willingness to stop tattooing and piercing within 12 months.

If the candidate you are interested in is under the age of 21 and / or has never been pregnant, she probably will not be able to qualify for the role of surrogate mother. But in exceptional cases, after a thorough examination, the doctor may decide to accept her into the program.
These criteria are a minimum surface filter that allows doctors to immediately weed out those who are contraindicated in participating in a reproductive program. Then the check continues according to the three ASRM criteria.
Surrogacy readiness criteria
To establish the full compliance of the candidate with the responsible role of the surrogate mother, her qualifications are checked according to three criteria developed by the specialists of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). The criteria are as follows:


The physical criterion is an indicator of the ability to endure reproductive procedures (hormonal stimulation, IVF, gestation and childbirth) with minimal risk to oneself and the child.
The physical criterion is evaluated according to the following parameters:

Analysis of basic personal information, pregnancy history, participation in surrogacy programs;
Legal due diligence by the clinic or agency: convictions, problems with the law, financial situation - to exclude dependence on the remuneration provided by the contract.

The psychological criterion is evaluated according to psychodiagnostic data: psychosocial research: a visit by a psychologist to the candidate's family, conversations with her and her spouse, based on the data obtained, an assessment of readiness for surrogate motherhood. The ability to analyze and control emotions, as well as the motives of joining the program are analyzed.
The medical criterion is based on the results of a medical opinion after consulting a fertility specialist, examination by a gynecologist, blood and urine tests, biochemical studies, tests for drugs and precursors, the presence of bad habits (carried out regularly after the surrogate mother has been entered to the database and until the very delivery),ultrasound and other examinations.

Women after abortion, with diseases of the reproductive organs, mental disorders, nulliparous, with autoimmune diseases are excluded from the number of candidates.
The combination of data on three factors will allow a consultation of specialists to decide on the suitability or unsuitability of a candidate for bearing other people's children.
Surrogacy legislation in different countries
With regard to surrogacy, countries are conditionally divided into three groups: surrogate motherhood is prohibited, not prohibited, there is no clear legal regulation, it is allowed and clearly regulated by law.
If you need a surrogate mother, you shouldn't look for her in Austria, Germany, China, Norway, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, France, Switzerland, Sweden, Japan, the American states of Arizona, Michigan and New Jersey. Surrogacy is prohibited in these locations.
In Belgium, Greece, Ireland, Spain, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, there is no clear legislative framework governing surrogacy. If the surrogate mother changes her mind and wants to keep the child for herself, the court will support her decision. Future parents will be left without their child and no money.
In Russia, it is possible to obtain parental rights for a newborn only in the case of a refusal signed by the surrogate mother. If this does not happen, the concluded contract will not help parents achieve their legal rights in court.
In a number of countries, such as the United Kingdom, Canada, the Netherlands, Portugal, Finland, the Australian state of Victoria, the US states of Virginia and New Hampshire, surrogacy is permitted only on a non-profit basis. Surrogate mothers are reimbursed only for expenses confirmed by cheques during pregnancy. The anonymity of the service is also prohibited: upon reaching the age of 18 years by the child, the parents are obliged to disclose to him all the information about the circumstances of his birth.
Clear and well-developed reproductive legislation has been developed and applied in Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, USA and Ukraine. Surrogate mothers receive contractual compensation and do not have any rights to the child. The names of biological parents are indicated in the documents of newborns.
Surrogate mother compensation payments
In countries with non-commercial surrogacy, compensation is paid to the surrogate mother by the parents in accordance with the supporting documents. Where commercial surrogacy is allowed, payments can range from 10 to 100+ thousand dollars, depending on the terms of the contract. Given the lack of guaranteed programs, it may take several tries before you have a baby. You will have to pay for each new cycle anew. The total amount may exceed $ 100,000.
A surefire way to become parents of a healthy child, have parental rights to him and not pay for unsuccessful attempts, is to join a guaranteed program.
Feskov Human Reproduction Group invites parents-to-be to choose any package of services in accordance with their needs and budget. Each package guarantees the birth of a healthy child, paperwork for the newborn, accommodation and three meals a day for the duration of the program, transport services and a personal coordinator. You do not pay for unsuccessful IVF, termination of pregnancy or in the event of the death of the child during delivery - only a fixed amount for the birth of a healthy child without chromosomal abnormalities. In case of failure at any stage, repeated cycles are paid by Feskov Human Reproduction Group as many times as it takes to achieve the result - these risks are assumed by the clinic.
You do not need to organize the search for a surrogate mother yourself: the clinic has its own huge database of surrogate mothers and egg donors (including those with exotic phenotypes). Compensation payments to them are included in the cost of the program. There are also distance programs that allow you to become parents without visiting Ukraine. Partnership with reproductive clinics in 52 countries of the world allows organizing delivery of a surrogate mother in the country of choice for future parents.
Contact our manager, tell us about your wishes and ask questions - we will make an individual offer for you. The birth of a healthy child and the completeness of parental rights are a self-evident guarantee of the Feskov Human Reproduction Group. ]]>
/images/22_1.jpg Surrogacy: criteria for finding a surrogate mother, legislation, compensation payments - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
Can I Still Get Pregnant With PCOS? 8888002305 Thu, 02 Sep 2021 18:29:00 GMT Can I Still Get Pregnant With PCOS? -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov The disease is one of the most common and fairly easily treatable causes of infertility. Its treatment methods are quite varied - from lifestyle changes and weight loss to IVF. Feskov Human Reproductive Group will select the most suitable solution to the problem of infertility, based on an individual history.
What is PCOS?
Every fifth woman in the world is faced with this syndrome. Which is a complex hormonal disease characterized by different symptoms. One of them is the formation of small formations on the surface of the ovaries - cysts. They appear due to hormonal imbalance. When the level of the hormone that causes ovulation is increased in the body and the level of the hormone responsible for the development of female ovaries is reduced. Also, there is insufficient production of estrogen - the female hormone, and androgen - the male hormone, on the contrary, in excess.
Because of this hormonal imbalance, women with PCOS experience irregular menstrual cycles as they do not ovulate every month, but only occasionally. Therefore, there are problems with conception. Although pregnancy can occur naturally, it will take longer.
For example, in the United States, 12% of women suffer from this hormonal pathology. And, in fact, almost half of women can live with it and not know about it. Due to a misdiagnosed or insufficient examination.
Symptoms of polycystic disease:

scanty menstruation;
excessive menstruation;
no menstruation;
heavy periods;
high levels of male hormones;
the growth of unwanted body hair;
cysts and fluid accumulation in the ovaries;
fewer eggs are released from the ovaries.

If left untreated, the risk of type 2 diabetes, snoring, heart and vascular diseases, high blood cholesterol, and strokes increases.
Impact on fertility
Women with polycystic disease, even if they do not plan to become pregnant anytime soon, worry about it. Knowing that there are simple treatment options can help reduce anxiety levels.
Usually, ovulation - the release of an egg from the ovary, occurs once a month. Since women with pathology can ovulate less often, and also be prone to miscarriages, PCOS is a common cause of infertility. For people trying to conceive, the syndrome makes it difficult to link intimate contact with the fertile days of the cycle when ovulation is expected. And if ovulation occurs at all once every few months, then you will have to wait even longer.
Therefore, patients with the syndrome need reproductive treatment more than women without it. However, studies show that over the course of life, both women with PCOS and healthy women have approximately the same number of pregnancies and children. Thus, even those with a history of pathology, at least once in their life, become pregnant and give birth without treatment for infertility.
There is a misconception that it is impossible to get pregnant with PCOS. Therefore, they have unprotected sex. It is not true. Since ovulation, although irregular, still occurs. This is an unpredictable process. Therefore, if you do not want to have a child, you need to use contraception.
Body weight and PCOS
It happens that women with normal weight and BMI suffer from this disease. However, overweight and obesity are directly linked to PCOS. Obesity can aggravate the symptoms of pathology and make pregnancy difficult. So, in obese women with the syndrome, ovulation occurs even less often when many months pass between cycles. Also, often occurring amidst PCOS, type 2 diabetes, when there are disruptions in the processing of insulin, can contribute to excess weight.
Research shows that losing even 5-10% of your weight can get your cycle back on track. And the approach in combination with fertility drugs increases the likelihood of ovulation and a successful pregnancy. Compared to using medication alone, without weight loss.
Anyone trying to get pregnant is advised to have a healthy weight to reduce the risk of complications such as gestational diabetes and hypertension, preeclampsia, premature birth, etc.
For women with PCOS, losing weight can be challenging. To do this, you need to exercise moderately. For example, walking, cycling, strength training. And also adhere to a balanced diet that combines foods with high nutritional value, vegetables and fruits, proteins. Eat less sugary and refined foods, less simple carbs, and unhealthy fats.
Eating Tips for PCOS:

eat more for breakfast and less for dinner;
consume more protein and greens;
eat complex carbohydrates in the form of whole grains and legumes;
when consuming sweets or simple carbohydrates, combine them with healthy fats (avocados, olive oil, nuts) and proteins to reduce the release of sugar into the bloodstream.

Special vitamins and mineral supplements such as folic acid also have a positive effect on the ability to conceive.
There are studies that say that regular exercise and a healthy diet have improved cycle regularity by 50%. And in combination with fertility drugs, the chances of success increase significantly. Not to mention, these simple methods make it possible to feel better overall.
How is the syndrome treated?
When trying to conceive a child within six months without a result, you need to consult a doctor who will prescribe an examination, then treatment and prescribe medications.
If the examination reveals insulin resistance, when the body cannot cope with the increased level of insulin - a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels, then the drug is prescribed metformin, which:

promotes weight loss and natural weight loss;
stimulates ovulation;
resumes the regularity of the cycle;
increases the effectiveness of fertility drugs;
reduces the frequency of miscarriages (if they were in history).

The doctor may prescribe the use of metformin temporarily to stabilize the blood sugar level.
To balance hormonal levels, they are prescribed clomiphene (clomid) and letrozole, which combine to induce ovulation. The former blocks the body's response to estrogen, while the latter suppresses estrogen production. Thus, the body produces more follicle-stimulating hormone, which promotes the growth of follicles in the ovaries. It is not recommended to use more than 6 cycles in a row.
The combination of metformin and clomiphene or letrozole results in higher ovulation, pregnancy and childbirth outcomes than either medication alone. At the same time, you need to monitor the time of ovulation and time proximity to it.
As more powerful medications, you may need to inject or orally administer gonadotropins - hormonal medications to increase ovulation stimulation and to produce more eggs. A complication of the procedure can be a syndrome of ovarian hyperstimulation - an overreaction of the body to hormones.
 A procedure called laparoscopic ovarian drilling, where tiny holes are made in the ovaries, is used as an alternative to medication.
The next method as the most reliable, effective remedy is IVF and surrogacy. When the egg and sperm are combined in the laboratory, and the resulting embryos are transferred to the uterus of a real or surrogate mother.
PCOS and preparation for pregnancy
Having the best possible state of health before the start of attempts to conceive a child, both for ordinary women and with PCOS syndrome, increases the likelihood of pregnancy and gives the future baby the best potential in life.
Leading a healthy lifestyle, including maintaining a normal body weight, smoking cessation and giving up  alcohol consumption. A balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep are the first things to do to increase a woman's chances of getting pregnant and having a healthy baby.
If the doctor identifies fertility problems due to polycystic ovary disease, appropriate treatment, medications, procedures will be prescribed to improve the menstrual cycle with regular ovulation. In the case of overweight, sustainable weight loss programs will be offered in combination with medications.
IVF is the next step if medications and other methods don't help. Sometimes, for patients who have undergone ovarian perforation, it may be necessary to use an egg donor. Also, this is true with old age and a low oocyte reserve. However, for women with PCOS, this is a very rare occurrence.
All kinds of highly qualified reproductive assistance can always be obtained at Feskov Human Reproductive Group. Thanks to a variety of individual programs at a fixed cost, each patient will be able to solve her fertility problems and successfully become a mother. ]]>
/images/can_i_get_pregnant_with_PCOS_223.jpg Can I Still Get Pregnant With PCOS? - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov
Triplets and Twins: The Likelihood of Multiple Births During Surrogacy 8888002304 Tue, 24 Aug 2021 18:29:00 GMT Triplets and Twins: The Likelihood of Multiple Births During Surrogacy -  Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov A system for implanting a fertilized egg into a healthy uterus of a birth mother or surrogate mother has undergone impressive changes. According to experts at Feskov Human Reproductive Group,earlier, multiple pregnancies were much more common than they are now. And it was more of an unplanned event. Now it is the choice of the intended parents and the surrogate mother.
When does multiple surrogate pregnancy occur?
At the dawn of its appearance, IVF technology was not as sophisticated and innovative as it is today. And, besides, very expensive. To ensure an increase in the number of positive implantations and reduce the cost of the procedure, doctors often implanted more than one embryo in a woman's uterus. And since most women going to IVF had fertility problems, most often only one embryo took root. In contrast, surrogate mothers were healthy in this respect. Thus, they carried twins and even triplets. And this did not always meet the requirements of the intended parents and surrogate mother for a healthy and proven reproductive system.
Multiple pregnancies are possible at any time when more than one embryo is implanted into the uterus. Although the process does not guarantee the birth of twins or triplets, it greatly increases this probability. Almost all twins born as a result of the surrogacy process are brothers. This means that each baby has developed from its own separate embryo.
Identical babies are produced when one fertilized egg is split into several embryos. Brother triplets are more common than identical triplets. In a normal delivery, the chance of having twins is only 1.2%. Triplets, on the other hand, get a very scanty chance of success - 0.013%. However, for unknown reasons, the likelihood of having multiple children at the same time increases with the age of the mother.
Identical twins are quite rare in surrogate pregnancies. Since, when the goal of the process is multiple pregnancy, implantation of several embryos is required. Pre-implantation diagnostics (PGD), mandatory in all modern reproductive clinics, identifies developmental pathologies and genetic diseases in embryos. This practice has dramatically increased the efficiency of attachment of the latter to the wall of the uterus. It also makes it more likely that each IVF cycle results in a healthy pregnancy. Therefore, multiple pregnancy, as a common component of surrogacy programs, is gradually becoming a thing of the past.
Why choose multiple pregnancy?
There are a number of reasons why all participants in the surrogate process prefer multiple pregnancy:

For some families and surrogate mothers, this creates the opportunity to give birth to several children at once and not resort to a repeated process. This can be a pretty tempting idea.
In some cases, having multiple children at once helps reduce the overall cost of surrogacy programs. No surrogacy program is cheap. Although there are options for implementing the process in other countries (Ukraine), where it is possible to reduce the cost of the procedure. However, it is never free and cheap. Choosing multiple pregnancy can reduce future costs for additional fertility programs, travel, and compensation for the surrogate mother.
Unconventional couples prefer multiple pregnancy, as they can use the genetic material of both partners during the procedure.

There are also other, more personal reasons why prospective parents want to carry and give birth to multiple children at once. And they are as individual and unique as the surrogate journey itself.
Multiple pregnancy and surrogate mother
Multiple pregnancy and childbirth are stressful for the body. That is why it is so important that the surrogate mother consciously agrees to the procedure and understands all the consequences and risks associated with multiple pregnancies, compared to bearing only one child. Moreover, such a pregnancy requires more attention, care and support from loved ones. In the presence of which the intended parents must be sure to minimize difficulties for the woman.
For the surrogates themselves, there may be an increased likelihood of some problems:

uterine bleeding;
gestational diabetes;
gestational hypertension;
cesarean section;

It is important for a woman to carefully weigh the risks before agreeing to carry twins or triplets. She has every right to both reject the offer and agree to it. In any case, everything should be spelled out in the contract.
Specialists identify several well-studied consequences for children from multiple pregnancies. The main point is that such pregnancies are much more likely to result in premature birth than single pregnancies. In addition, this is directly related to the decline in fertility in general. So, about 51% of twins and 91% of triplets come to this world ahead of schedule. Which can backfire and require a long hospital stay.
Congenital movement disorders such as cerebral palsy are more common in multiple births. Also, there is an increased likelihood of incomplete separation. When babies may have common parts of the membranes and birth structures. Or the birth of Siamese twins, which is extremely rare.
The risks associated with multiple pregnancies are real. However, IVF doctors and scientists have developed methods to reduce them. For example, genetic screening and limiting the number of embryos suitable for transfer.
When considering multiple pregnancies, prospective parents need to discuss this desire in detail with the surrogate and the doctors at the reproductive clinic. Also, you can do your own little research by reading reviews on the Internet and asking friends and acquaintances who have had a similar experience. This way, you can decide whether this decision is the right choice for the family or not.
More children at once - it may seem wonderful. However, this also entails double or triple responsibility at once!
Reproductive programs involving VIP surrogate mother at Feskov Human Reproductive Group without a waiting list, having a positive experience of participation in the process and recommendations, will give a parenting experience in a guaranteed way! ]]>
/images/multiple_births_surrogacy_222.jpg Triplets and Twins: The Likelihood of Multiple Births During Surrogacy - Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov / Surrogate Motherhood Center of professor Feskov