Pregnancy, childbirth, motherhood... In most cases these are completely natural processes inherent in nature and not causing any special response among others. But sometimes there are unique cases of giving birth to children which can inspire and shock at times. Most of them have occurred due to ART. On the other hand, in a situation where there is no opportunity to conceive and carry healthy children artificial insemination as a way to find happiness of motherhood after years of infertility is something incredible.
Health of the nation is determined by the degree of children’s health. This is an indicator of the present and future of the public. These arguments are generally comprehensible and do not require an explanation. And for sensible parents this is also the main goal, an important component of family well-being. Therefore, it is relevant to find out what are the technologies for determining a healthy child and what the term itself means.
Surrogacy. It existed, it exists and it will exist regardless of whether this process is regulated by law or surrogate motherhood will be a kind of criminal business. For someone this is something disgusting and akin to trafficking, for someone it is the last hope, a chance to feel the joy and charm of motherhood, and for someone the opportunity to cheat and earn a lot of money.
The procedure of in vitro fertilization for many couples is the only chance to conceive a child, to become happy parents and to make a dream come true. But tormented by doubts about the health of future children future parents are sometimes frightened so much that it is impossible to decide on IVF. Giving birth to children after the IVF is a sensitive issue; a lot of negative response can be heard and read. But what are things in reality, what does science say about this and what are real examples from life?
In vitro fertilization was invented to help people who want to have children but who do not have this opportunity. Recently, taking into account the increasing trend towards the use of artificial insemination the moral and ethical issues of this topic are increasingly becoming the subject of litigation. Since the judicial practice has little experience in this matter throughout the post-Soviet states the court judgments on IVF are mainly taken with an orientation toward such cases at the European Court of Human Rights.
When the need to use donor material in treatment of infertility is in question many future parents are reasonably worried about genes their child will inherit from a donor. After all, it is genetics that the future of the child largely depends on – health, inclinations, appearance. Ukraine is now a popular country for residents of Europe and the CIS countries who need help in treating infertility. Egg donation is one of the most popular services provided by reproductive clinics. Obviously, the question of what are the advantages of Ukrainian genetics and its features will also be relevant.
Reproductive medicine, embryology, genetics are sciences that walk alongside. Discoveries in one of them make breakthroughs in the other. Scientific progress is moving forward at such a speed that it is sometimes difficult for an ordinary person to imagine in which direction and how far the next leap will take place. Assisted reproductive technologies, “fertilization in vitro” in particular seemed to be something fantastic no more than 30 to 40 years ago, nowadays it is quite tangible therapy in the treatment of infertility. And new discoveries are definitely exciting even for the most persistent and experienced inhabitants.
The issue of using donor eggs and sperm to solve infertility problems is increasingly put on the agenda. In addition, according to some data when using donor’s oocytes both fresh and vitrified the chance of pregnancy is higher. This is understandable as for this purpose young, healthy women without problems in the reproductive system whose sex cells are more capable of conceiving are selected. Ukrainian genetics of donors attracts not only citizens of the post-Soviet states but also those from Europe where donation of sex cells and oocytes in particular is prohibited according to ethical and moral principles in many countries.
Today, a diagnosis of HIV does not always mean the “end”. Life undoubtedly changes but after the first avalanche of stress comes the understanding that it continues. And thanks to the science of antiretroviral therapy people with such a diagnosis live a full life for several decades. And it is clear that HIV-infected men and women are thinking about the possibility of procreation. These days, the wonders of artificial insemination give couples where one or even both partners have a positive HIV status an opportunity to have healthy children.
A thorny path to a chance of having children is sometimes too long for some couples. Sometimes attempts to become pregnant, to solve the problem of infertility take more than a decade. Most countries of the world where assistive reproductive technologies are widely used have certain limits that definitely restrict the upper age of parents. What is the situation with age limitations for ART in Ukraine and in the neighboring Russian Federation?